Pros And Cons Of Spanking Essay Essay - Corporal Punishment, Spanking on Study Boss (2022)

Spanking is the act of smacking the buttocks of a child with an opened hand. Some parents adopt this form of corporal punishment as a back up to non-physical discipline. The law should not ban the act of spanking a child in parenting because it is not a form of abuse. Parents should be free to spank their children appropriately, at the right time and for the right reasons, to create an understanding for what is acceptable and what is not. Definitely, spanking is an effective parenting tool.

On the other hand, many countries banned spanking because they believe it to be a form of physical abuse that could lead the child to develop psychological problems. In fact, Sweden was the first country to banish such act in 1979, and the European Committee has been trying to encourage the countries of the European Union to do the same. In 2007, New Zealand, Netherlands, Portugal, Uruguay, Venezuela, Spain and Chile approved laws that prohibit parents from punishing their children with spanking (Research Paper n. pag. ). Moreover, it looks like many other countries are considering banning spanking as an educational practice.

In contrast, 77% of Americans agree that it is sometime necessary to discipline their children with corporal punishment (Laird n. pag. ). There is a line that separates the act of spanking from what is physical abuse. Certainly, we cannot mix the two together. Matt Walsh states, “Spanking is not abuse, and abuse, no matter what else you call it, is not spanking. The two things are completely separate and distinct. Besides, to call spanking ‘violence’ is intentionally misleading. Even deceitful. Spanking, as opposed to beating or assaulting, does not injure, and it isn’t intended to abuse” (Walsh n. ag. ).

Therefore, it is not true that installing laws against spanking prevents abusive parents from using physical force on their children. In fact, abusive parents will remain abusive parents independently from a law, because behind a home’s closed door no law can protect a child from physical abuse. By all means, it is unconstitutional to deprive parents of the freedom to spank their children when appropriate, because parents need to teach to their children to distinguish what is right from what is wrong. Sometimes, simple warnings or non-physical punishments do not work.

Indeed, that is when spanking could be an alternative tool for parents. Certainly, a key point is to always explain to a child the reasons behind a spank. Furthermore, it is not accurate to state that spanking in parenting is related to a higher crime level or that children who are spanked easily develop mental problems. In fact, Marjorie Gunnoe, professor of psychology at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan, conducted a study entailing 2,600 interviews pertaining corporal punishment, including the questioning of 179 teenagers about getting spanked by their parents.

(Video) Disciplinary Violence and its effects on children | Esha Sridhar | TEDxJuhu

She said, “The claims made for not spanking children fail to hold up. They are not consistent with the data” (qtd. in Kettle n. pag. ). Those who were physically disciplined performed better than those who weren’t in a whole series of categories, including school grades, an optimistic outlook on life, the willingness to perform volunteer work and the ambition to attend college. And they performed no worse than those who weren’t spanked in areas like early sexual activity, getting into fights and becoming depressed.

Gunnoe found little difference between the sexes and races. Even more, another study published in the Akron Law Review examined criminal records and found that children raised where a legal ban on parental corporal punishment is in effect are much more likely to be involved in a crime (Kettle n. pag. ). Sweden stands as an example that it wasn’t beneficial for the society to ban spanking in some countries. In addition, the study performed by Marjory Gunnoe is proof that individuals who were spanked by their parents have a brighter future in many areas of life.

Also, when parents are forced not to use such act of punishment, other forms of punishments may take place. For instance, yelling and screaming could influence negatively the psychological and emotional state of a child. Indeed, verbal abuse can be much worse than a simple spank in the buttocks. Furthermore, according to Howard Davidson, director of the ABA Center on Children and Law, States [in America] have different approaches to the issue. He says, “By far the most common approach, used in twenty-six states, says parents may use reasonable force if it is necessary to reasonably maintain discipline…

Other states… consider things like the age and size of the child” (qtd. in Laird n. page. ). For example, in Texas parents and guardians are allowed to use force to the degree they believe it’s necessary for discipline or promoting the child’s welfare (Laird n. pag. ). In other words, the decision on the matter is a community standard that can differ from place to place. For example, Pope Francis suggested it was ok for parents to discipline a disobedient child with a spank if dignity is maintained.

Moreover, many Americans agree with the Pope and support giving children the occasional “good, hard spanking,” as TIME highlighted in parenting feature The Discipline Wars (Worland n. pag. ). Additionally, Robert Larzelere of Oklahoma State University-Stillwater said, “… but for younger kids, if spanking is used in the most appropriate way and they perceive it as being motivated by concern for their behavior and welfare, then it does not have a detrimental effect” (qtd. in Michelle n. pag. ).

(Video) Effects of Corporal Punishment on Children

A 2005 scientific review he co-authored, of studies comparing spanking with non-physical discipline methods, identified an “optimal type of physical discipline,” referred to as conditional spanking, and said that when it was used as a backup to nonphysical discipline, it was better at reducing noncompliance and antisocial behavior (Michelle n. pag. ). Therefore, many teenagers would be more responsible and respectful had they been spanked when younger. Many adults would probably be more successful had they received a firmer education by their parents.

Contrarily, some researchers believe that children who are spanked may develop a violent behavior and may assume that adults are entitled to use violence. Elizabeth Gershoff, a developmental psychologist at the University of Texas in Austin, said that multiple studies have concluded that such punishment doesn’t create a short-term compliance or help children learn right from wrong in the long-term. Furthermore, she said that spanking is correlated with increased antisocial behavior, more mental health problems and less self-regulation (Laird n. pag. ).

If such studies were accurate, there would definitely be an vement in children’s behavior in the countries where the law banned spanking. Instead, such improvement never occurred. In fact, Sweden is a clear example of the opposite. In conclusion, spanking is an ancient act used by parents of many races and ethnicity, and depriving parents of the freedom to establish discipline in their children, by comparing a spank to physical abuse, is erroneous. Indeed, a good old spank in the buttocks can certainly prove a point when a child misbehaves. After all, even the famous idiom says short-time pain for longterm gain.

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Why corporal punishment is not good for students? ›

Corporal punishment is linked to a range of negative outcomes for children across countries and cultures, including physical and mental ill-health, impaired cognitive and socio-emotional development, poor educational outcomes, increased aggression and perpetration of violence.

Is corporal punishment positive or negative? ›

Corporal, or physical, punishment is one of the most well-known forms of positive punishment. It can take the form of spanking, grabbing, hitting, or shaking.

What happens when a child is spanked? ›

In fact, many studies have demonstrated that physically punishing a child, such as spanking, can lead to a host of issues. These potential problems include increased aggression, physical injury, anti-social behavior, and mental health issues.

What are the positive effects of corporal punishment? ›

Corporal punishment sets clear boundaries and motivates children to behave in school. Children are better able to make decisions about their behavior, exercise self-control, and be accountable for their actions when they understand the…

What are the reasons of corporal punishment? ›

Corporal punishment is a discipline method in which a supervising adult deliberately inflicts pain upon a child in response to a child's unacceptable behavior and/or inappropriate language. The immediate aims of such punishment are usually to halt the offense, prevent its recurrence and set an example for others.

What are the causes and effects of corporal punishment? ›

Physical punishment is associated with increased child aggression, antisocial behaviour, lower intellectual achievement, poorer quality of parent–child relationships, mental health problems (such as depression), and diminished moral internalisation.

What is an example of corporal punishment? ›

Physical punishment, sometimes called corporal punishment, is anything done to cause pain or discomfort in response to your child's behaviors. Examples of physical punishment include: spanking (one of the most common methods of physical punishment) slapping, pinching, or pulling.

What are the effects of punishment? ›

Physical punishment can lead to children being more aggressive and anti-social as well as more likely to be susceptible to mental illness. Physical punishment teaches children that physical aggression is okay. It does not help them develop positive, effective coping skills to manage negative emotions and situations.

What is an example of corporal punishment in school? ›

Methods of corporal punishment include hitting, slapping, spanking, shaking, punching, kicking, choking, electric shock, confinement in small spaces, excessive exercise, and fixed postures for long periods. Instruments used in corporal punishment include leather straps, switches, baseball bats, and fists.

What age should a child get spanked? ›

It has also been found that spanking works best on younger children from the ages of two to six, as long as they are able to comprehend why the punishment is happening.

Should corporal punishment be used? ›

The AAP recommends that parents, schools, and caregivers refrain from using any type of physical punishment with children, including spanking and paddling in schools. The AAP policy also indicates that corporal punishment is ineffective over the long-term and leads to negative outcomes.

What are the effects of corporal punishment in schools? ›

1 Corporal punishment has been associated with a range of negative impacts on children, including physical injuries (and in the most severe cases, even death), psychological and emotional harm, poor performance at school, absence and dropout (ibid.).

What are the three types of corporal punishment? ›

There are many different types of corporal punishment, including slapping, paddling, and pinching. These three will be discussed below.

Why is corporal punishment a problem? ›

In a classic meta-analysis of 88 studies, corporal punishment was found to predict more aggression, delinquent and antisocial behaviour, mental health problems, and risk of becoming physically abused during childhood as well as less moral internalization and lower quality of parent-child relationships.

What is the punishment for corporal punishment? ›

corporal punishment, the infliction of physical pain upon a person's body as punishment for a crime or infraction. Corporal punishments include flogging, beating, branding, mutilation, blinding, and the use of the stock and pillory.

What corporal punishment means? ›

Corporal punishment is the most widespread form of violence against children. It is any punishment in which physical force is used and intended to cause some degree of pain or discomfort.

Why do parents use corporal punishment? ›

From a parental cognitive perspective, many parents use physical punishment because they think it works. Parents observe the child's reaction in the short term—the child is upset and stops the behavior—so, they conclude it is an effective teaching tool.

How does corporal punishment affect mental health? ›

Corporal punishment has been associated with a variety of psychological and behavioral disorders of children and adults, including anxiety, alcohol abuse, depression, withdrawal, low self-esteem, impulsiveness, delinquency and substance abuse.

When did corporal punishment start? ›

Corporal punishment, like most current penal measures, can be traced back to the earliest civilizations whose records have come down to us, such as the early law “code” of Ur-Namma, ruler of the Sumerian city of Ur (2112–2095 BCE) and founder of its third dynasty.

What is another name for corporal punishment? ›

In this page you can discover 6 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for corporal punishment, like: beating, flagellation, paddling, spanking, flogging and whipping.

What is the best punishment for students? ›

10 Creative Ways to Punish a Child
  • Time-Ins. Most parents would give their kids time-outs for bad behaviour, wherein the kids sit silently in a corner. ...
  • Exercise. ...
  • Make them do Chores. ...
  • Timer. ...
  • Practise. ...
  • Punishment Jar. ...
  • Cool-Off Time. ...
  • Tidy Up the Clutter.
1 Nov 2019

What is positive and negative punishment? ›

Positive punishment involves adding an aversive consequence after an undesired behavior is emitted to decrease future responses. Negative punishment includes taking away a certain reinforcing item after the undesired behavior happens in order to decrease future responses.

What is negative punishment examples? ›

Can you identify examples of negative punishment? Losing access to a toy, being grounded, and losing reward tokens are all examples of negative punishment. In each case, something good is being taken away as a result of the individual's undesirable behavior.

What are the 4 types of punishment? ›

The Types of Criminal Punishment
  • Retribution. ...
  • Deterrence. ...
  • Rehabilitation. ...
  • Incapacitation. ...
  • Restoration.
26 May 2021

Can you get spanked in school? ›

In 1977, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in its Ingraham v. Wright decision that school corporal punishment is constitutional, leaving states to decide whether to allow it.

Is corporal punishment legal? ›

In 2021, 61 states around the world have made smacking children illegal in any setting, including the home. Corporal punishment is illegal in schools in a total of 132 countries.

Is corporal punishment still allowed in schools? ›

Also, the National Education Policy Act (1996) states that no person “shall administer corporal punishment or subject a student to psychological or physical abuse at any educational institution”. WHAT TO DO IF YOU ARE A VICTIM OF CORPORAL PUNISHMENT?

What are the disadvantages of punishment in school? ›


What is the major disadvantage of punishment in education? ›

The major disadvantage of punishment in education is that it generates unpleasant feelings which could lead to aggression, anxiety and frustration in students. it has a huge impact on the students' psyche and could take them away from their studies.

Why teachers should not beat students? ›

Such violence also undermines their education by lowering the quality of teaching, students' motivations and aspirations, and the quality of educational outcomes. Punishment discourages children's intellectual curiosity, their creativity and explorative spirit to try new things.

Why teachers should not be allowed to use canes on students? ›

It is not good to cane students because when a teacher continues to cane his or her students, they will not respect him or her at times. Whenever they see him or her they will not like to attend his or her lesson. Some students will always dodge their lesson whenever it is time for that teacher to come to class.

What is an example of corporal punishment in school? ›

Methods of corporal punishment include hitting, slapping, spanking, shaking, punching, kicking, choking, electric shock, confinement in small spaces, excessive exercise, and fixed postures for long periods. Instruments used in corporal punishment include leather straps, switches, baseball bats, and fists.

What are the effects of punishment? ›

Physical punishment can lead to children being more aggressive and anti-social as well as more likely to be susceptible to mental illness. Physical punishment teaches children that physical aggression is okay. It does not help them develop positive, effective coping skills to manage negative emotions and situations.

What are the effects of corporal punishment in schools? ›

1 Corporal punishment has been associated with a range of negative impacts on children, including physical injuries (and in the most severe cases, even death), psychological and emotional harm, poor performance at school, absence and dropout (ibid.).

Will punishment help students to learn? ›

It is important for children to learn the difference between right and wrong at an early stage. Punishment is necessary to help them learn the difference.

What are disadvantages of discipline? ›

The Disadvantages of Real Discipline
  • Rebellious Behavior. Rebellious behavior in children, especially teenagers, can stem from very strict parenting. ...
  • Disrespectful Behavior. Children often become verbally disrespectful to overly strict parents. ...
  • Low Self-Esteem. Children look to their parents for self-esteem. ...
  • Anger.
18 Apr 2017

Does punishment work for kids? ›

Research shows that spanking, slapping and other forms of physical punishment don't work well to correct a child's behavior. The same holds true for yelling at or shaming a child. Beyond being ineffective, harsh physical and verbal punishments can also damage a child's long-term physical and mental health.

Can teacher slap students? ›

Tortious Liability of Teacher under English & Indian Law:

Section 47 of the Education Act 1987 prohibits corporal punishment in schools and for state funded pupils in independent schools.

What to do if a teacher hits you? ›

Students who are getting abuse should talk to seniors, parents, principals, coaches, and school counselors. Also, if a teacher seriously harms you or another student, immediately call 911 or the emergency number near you. Teachers who hitting without reason should be suspended or arrested.

What to do if a teacher beats you? ›

You can file a complaint in the Police against the School/ Teacher, who did this, Simultaneously you can also file a complaint, before CWC, Child Welfare Committee (in the respective State), and to the Director of Education and Minister of Education.

Should punishment be banned in school? ›

Corporal punishment should be banned in schools because it leads to psychological damage to the child. Physical punishment such as spanking erodes the developmental growth in children and also degrades the child's IQ.

Should punishment be allowed in schools? ›

Corporal punishment should be required and the students who are defaulters should be physically punished from time to time so that they complete their work, study hard and do not indulge in irrelevant activities. This will help teachers teach well and so students would be able to get better education.

What is the punishment for a teacher hitting a student? ›

It is a crime under Sec. 88 of the Indian Penal Code, if the teacher causes grievous hurt, and it is not for the benefit of the student in good faith, then it is a punishable crime. Then such person shall be punished with imprisonment for three months with or without fine.


1. Creating a Culture Without Hitting
(Children's National Hospital)
2. Free Range vs Strict Parents: Is Spanking Your Kids Ever Okay? | Middle Ground
3. Banning the Corporal Punishment of Children
(The Mental Breakdown)
4. Physical Punishment, Maltreatment, and the Continuum of Violence Against Children
(מכון חרוב Haruv Institute)
5. English Speaking Class: Corporal Punishment
(Lisa Biskup)
6. How to Discipline your child and toddler, without hitting - Jordan Peterson
(Dose of Truth)

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