How To Write A Summary Of An Article? Essay Paper Example - PHDessay.com (2022)

Table of contents

What is the Purpose of Summary?

One of the most popular tasks for modern students is writing a summary paper. A summary is the condensed version of a text. It reduces this text to its core and reproduces its structure by presenting its main ideas in the same order and proportion. It strictly contains information that is provided in the original text—it does not add information that is provided in related texts. The article summary comes right after the title. It`s an important element of an article because it can assist in leading the reader to read the rest of the article.

The summary is indispensable in preparing for and writing an argumentative essay. The summary contains only the most important information of the original. It does not have to follow the organization or order of the original. As a condensed version of the source material, it can range anywhere from a couple of sentences to a short collage summaryarticle, depending on the length of the source and your purposes for writing.

Order custom essay How to Write a Summary of an Article? with free plagiarism report

GET ORIGINAL PAPER

In writing a summary, you need to select the most important points of the source text and report on (vs. react to) them using your own words. You can combine several important points from the source into a brief general statement, or go more in depth and relate minor points as well, again depending on the purpose of your professional summary.

(Video) How to write a good essay: Paraphrasing the question

How do you write a summary?

To write a good summary,it is important to understand the material you are working with thoroughly. It should focus on the central idea and indicate all the main points in the passage that support the central idea, as well as the relationship between the ideas, including their order and emphasis. Three techniques – selection and deletion, note taking, and miniaturizing – can help you shorten the material.

Here are some tentativesteps in writing a summary.

  • Read, think about, and understand the text. Review the material to make sure you know it well. Use a dictionary or context clues to figure out the meaning of any important words that you don’t know.
  • Take notes. Write down or underline the one-two sentences that convey the main ideas and important details of the article.
  • Write a thesis statement (the idea in your own words). In a single sentence, state the main idea of the article. The thesis statement should mention the underlying meaning of the article, not just the superficial details. Ask yourself, “what is the most important idea the author wants us to know and remember?”
  • Organize and outline ideas. Once you have identified the main points, create an outline or concept map to organize the main idea and major supporting points visually. Be sure to paraphrase these points by using your annotations. Write down the important details you need to include in the summary. Put them in a logical order.
  • Using your outline or concept write your summary. Include one sentence to put the main idea of the entire passage in your own words, followed by one sentence for each of the major details using transition words to make the summary flow and read clearly.

Here are some tips in order to make your writing easier:

  • Your summary should be about one-third of the length of the original article.
  • Focus on the main point of the article and the most important details.
  • Avoid plagiarism as it will destroy the uniqueness of the paper. Try to use your thoughts.
  • Use transition words to connect the sentences and the paragraphs.
  • Avoid technical language. Write in simple and understandable English.
  • It must be objective.
  • Replace long phrases with single words and use practical clauses instead of full clauses.
  • Proofread and revise. Try to brush up the paper and make it perfect without mistakes and misspellings.
  • Write your draft. Use blue or black ink. Skip lines. Write on one side of the paper only. Include a title on the top line.
  • Read your summary one last time before you turn it in. Look for careless spelling, punctuation, and grammar errors, especially omitted words or letters. Cross out errors neatly with a single line and write the correction above.

Summary essay outline or how to determine the main elements of an essay?

There are several essential elements to any successful summary essay. This handout will define those elements and show you how to put them together using an outline. What is the outline? If to speak briefly, it is the type of the skeleton for the paper. It means that you create the steps that you will follow in order not to miss the essential facts. It will help you to organize your thoughts.

1. Introduction

An introduction is an extremely important part of any speech. If you interest the listeners in the beginning, they will listen to carefully further words. It should state the problem, as in summary but with more background information. You can indicate here your basic method of approach to the problem, stating in English what you plan to share with the client. In other words, it is a brief comment leading to the subject matter.

2. How to write the main body of summary essay?

After writing your introduction, you need to discuss the main points that you will cover to answer the essay question. This section is a chain of paragraphs, and each paragraph is dedicated to one point that you make. A good rule of thumb is to have at least three points to support each topic sentence. An effective essay of your opinionwill show the connection between paragraphs with transitions. These can be the final sentence of each body paragraph or can be integrated into the next topic sentence with transition words.

3. Conclusion

A conclusion is a part of the article where the writer can summarize all his ideas concerning the topic. The conclusion looks back over the experiment and analysis and can serve as a springboard for questions and suggestions about the future investigation. You can end your summary in many different ways. On the one hand, you can finish your creation with the interesting quotation or funny statement. It will be the type of the attractive ending. On the other hand, you can use your imagination and analytical skills and add some your assumption regarding the controversial issue.

(Video) PhD Essay Writing Service | UK Essays London

We also recommend you to try to use some predictions and state the hypothesis about the possible development of the central question.

If you correctly determine your focus and then scan and read your research articles, you can manage to write and edit your summary paper in a greatway that will come nothing short of perfection.

Summary essay examples

It is rather complicated to submit the summary of the paper in order to clarify its peculiarity. The writer should use the analytical skills and compare two writings and find the differences. Especially, those things will be the distinguishing feature of the summary. Surfing the Internet, you can come across various examples that will inspire you. We are intended to set the right direction for your writing because the bigger part of the work is your duty.

We induce you to cast a glance at the plan of the summary that will convey the main thoughts of the original paper.

Part 1: Submit the name of author and title of the original source. You can use the direct quotations from the biography, but do not forget to cite in order to avoid plagiarism. Your task is also to attract the reader’s attention that is why we highly recommend you to grab their time with the interesting statement or rhetorical question. The winning introduction should be interesting and informative at the same time.

Part 2: Your main body should contain the statements. Nevertheless, each fact should be proved with the quotation from the primary writing. Do not confuse the reader with extra and new facts. Try to divide the main part into some sections in order to make the structure clear and concise. The summary is such type of paper that should be understandable; it means that it is the lite version of the complicated composition. That is why make an effort and help your target audience find the answers to the questions after the first reading.

Part 3: The final part is the conclusion. Make the brief overview of the submitted material and help the readers recollect all the necessary information. The biggest mistake is to make the conclusion too wordy; such feature will distract the readers’ attention. The third part of the summary is your assumptions about the topic and issue. That is why your task is to estimate the original text and do a logical thesis. It is always more interesting to read the personal thoughts rather than the copied one.

Now you know everything about the summary. Believe in your skills and surprise your supervisor. Good luck!

How To Write A Summary Of An Article? Essay Paper Example - PHDessay.com (1)

(Video) How to Write an Entrance Exam Essay: A 2021 PhD Question Sample

Related Questions

on How to Write a Summary of an Article?

How do you begin a summary for an article?
10 Steps of Starting a SummaryFind an article needed to be summarized.Note the author (s) of this article and its title.Read this article.Find the main idea of an article.Outline key points that support an idea of a discussed article.Start a summary with an introductory sentence about an article by mentioning the name and surname of the author (s), including the title.More items...

How do I summarize an article?
Summarize each section. At the end of each major train of thought, pause to summarize the main point of the section in a single sentence. If the article unexpectedly begins to move into another main point, stop long enough to write the main point of the previous section before you continue reading.

What are the steps to write an article?
Steps Think of the topic you want to write your article about. Always remember proper grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Use elevated diction. Describe it for them. Don't write an article if you don't know what you're doing. Keep opinions personal. Keep the introduction short and to the point.

(Video) HOW TO WRITE MD/PhD ESSAYS

How to write a paper summarizing an article?
How to write a summary Read the text. You should read the article more than once to make sure you've thoroughly understood it. Break the text down into sections. To make the text more manageable and understand its sub-points, break it down into smaller parts. Identify the key points in each section. Write the summary. Check the summary against the article.

This essay was written by a fellow student. You can use it as an example when writing your own essay or use it as a source, but you need cite it.

Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses

Starting from 3 hours delivery 450+ experts on 30 subjects

get essay help 124&nbsp experts online

Did you know that we have over 70,000 essays on 3,000 topics in our database?

Cite this page

Explore how the human body functions as one unit in harmony in order to life

How to Write a Summary of an Article?. (2018, May 11). Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/write-summary-of-an-article/

(Video) How To Write The MD/PhD Essays (Why MD/PhD and Significant Research Experiences)

FAQs

How do you write a summary for an essay? ›

A summary begins with an introductory sentence that states the text's title, author and main point of the text as you see it. A summary is written in your own words. A summary contains only the ideas of the original text. Do not insert any of your own opinions, interpretations, deductions or comments into a summary.

How do you start a summary response essay? ›

  1. Step 1: Identify the main idea of the reading. Create a topic sentence that identifies the main idea of the reading. ...
  2. Step 2: Identify the supporting details of the reading and for the response. ...
  3. Step 3: Identify the author's purpose for writing. ...
  4. Step 4: Write a summary-response of the reading.

When you summarize an essay you should? ›

To avoid plagiarism when summarizing an article or other source, follow these two rules: Write the summary entirely in your own words by paraphrasing the author's ideas. Cite the source with an in-text citation and a full reference so your reader can easily find the original text.

What is a concise summary of the essay? ›

A summary is a concise paraphrase of all the main ideas in an essay.

What is an example of a summary? ›

A brief statement or account covering the substance or main points; digest; abridgment; compendium. Summary is defined as a quick or short review of what happened. An example of summary is the explanation of "Goldilocks and the Three Bears" told in under two minutes.

What are the 7 steps in writing a summary? ›

Use these six steps to write a summary.
  • Identify the sections of the text. Find the text's thesis and main ideas. ...
  • Distinguish between major and minor details. ...
  • Remove minor details and examples. ...
  • Pay attention to transition words. ...
  • Re-order the ideas as needed. ...
  • Reserve your opinions.

How do you write a good summary of an article? ›

State the main ideas of the article. Identify the most important details that support the main ideas. Write your summary in your own words; avoid copying phrases and sentences from the article unless they're direct quotations. Express the underlying meaning of the article, not just the superficial details.

How do you write an introduction for a summary essay? ›

The introduction should include the name of the author, the title of their work, and some background information about the author, if needed. In the main body paragraphs, state the ideas you've chosen while reading the text. Expand on them by including one or more examples from the original text.

How many paragraphs are in a summary response essay? ›

“The organization of a summary response essay is typically a 4-5 paragraph essay that includes a short summary in the introduction that provides an objective overview of a text”. (Writing the Summary Essay, n.d.)

What are 5 characteristics of a good summary? ›

A good summary should be comprehensive, concise, coherent, and independent. These qualities are explained below: A summary must be comprehensive: You should isolate all the important points in the original passage and note them down in a list.

What are the 3 parts of a summary? ›

Common Attributes of a Summary

Whether you are writing an essay that is completely a summary, or the summary is one small component of a different style of writing, every summary that you write should include: The name of the author. The title of the work. The main ideas of the work.

What are the 3 types of summaries? ›

The main types of informative summaries are: outlines, abstracts, and synopses.

How long should a summary be for an essay? ›

Limit your summary to one paragraph. (As a general rule, a summary should not be longer than ¼ the length of the essay.)

How do you summarize a research article example? ›

State the research question and explain why it is interesting. State the hypotheses tested. Briefly describe the methods (design, participants, materials, procedure, what was manipulated [independent variables], what was measured [dependent variables], how data were analyzed. Describe the results.

How many sentences are in a summary? ›

A summary paragraph is usually around five to eight sentences. Keep it short and to the point. Eliminate redundancies or repetitive text to keep your paragraph clear and concise.

What words do you use to start a summary? ›

The first line of the summary paragraph should include a strong reporting verb, such as "argue," "claim," "contend," "maintain," or "insist." You can also use verbs like "explain," "discuss," "illustrate," "present," and "state." This will make the introduction of the summary paragraph clear and concise.

How many paragraphs are in a summary? ›

Your summary must be no more than two paragraphs of four to five sentences each.

What is the hardest thing about writing a summary? ›

One of the hardest parts about summarizing someone else's writing is avoiding plagiarism.

How do you start a summary sentence starter? ›

Conclusion sentence starters for essays
  1. In summary . . .
  2. To summarize . . .
  3. Putting it all together . . .
  4. In conclusion . . .
  5. To wrap things up . . .
  6. To review . . .
  7. In short . . .
  8. All in all . . .
Jun 2, 2022

How do you write a summary in 9 easy steps? ›

How to Write A Summary in 9 Simple Steps
  1. Read. The first step to a well-written summary is to read the original piece of work. ...
  2. Gather the Main Idea. ...
  3. Reread while Taking Notes. ...
  4. Organize your Notes. ...
  5. Create a thesis statement. ...
  6. Draft a Short Paragraph. ...
  7. Check for accuracy. ...
  8. Revise.
Jan 7, 2019

How do you write an introduction for a summary? ›

Introducing a Summary
  1. Introduce the name of the author whose work you are summarizing.
  2. Introduce the title of the text being summarized.
  3. Introduce where this text was presented (if it's an art installation, where is it being shown? ...
  4. State the main ideas of the text you are summarizing—just the big-picture components.

How do you summarize text examples? ›

Typically, a summary will do the following:
  1. Cite the author and title of the text. ...
  2. Indicate the main ideas of the text. ...
  3. Use direct quotations of keywords, phrases, or sentences. ...
  4. Include author tags. ...
  5. Avoid summarizing specific examples or data unless they help illustrate the thesis or main idea of the text.
Jan 28, 2020

How many paragraph is a summary? ›

Summary is usually 1-2 pages at most, while brief summary is usually no more than 1-2 paragraphs.

What is summary writing? ›

A summary is a brief summarization of a larger work that gives the reader a comprehensive understanding. To write a summary, a writer will gather the main ideas of an article, essay, television show, or film they've read or watched and condense the central ideas into a brief overview.

How do you write a good summary of an article? ›

State the main ideas of the article. Identify the most important details that support the main ideas. Write your summary in your own words; avoid copying phrases and sentences from the article unless they're direct quotations. Express the underlying meaning of the article, not just the superficial details.

What are the 3 parts of a summary? ›

Common Attributes of a Summary

Whether you are writing an essay that is completely a summary, or the summary is one small component of a different style of writing, every summary that you write should include: The name of the author. The title of the work. The main ideas of the work.

How do you start a summary sentence starter? ›

Conclusion sentence starters for essays
  1. In summary . . .
  2. To summarize . . .
  3. Putting it all together . . .
  4. In conclusion . . .
  5. To wrap things up . . .
  6. To review . . .
  7. In short . . .
  8. All in all . . .
Jun 2, 2022

What are the 5 steps in summarizing a text? ›

Summarising
  1. Read and understand the text carefully.
  2. Think about the purpose of the text. Ask what the author's purpose is in writing the text? ...
  3. Select the relevant information. ...
  4. Find the main ideas - what is important. ...
  5. Change the structure of the text. ...
  6. Rewrite the main ideas in complete sentences. ...
  7. Check your work.

When I write a summary I must present the? ›

However, for the sake of clarity, a summary should present the author's points in a straightforward structure. In order to write a good summary, you may have to gather minor points or components of an argument from different places in the text in order to summarize the text in an organized way.

How do you summarize a research article? ›

State the research question and explain why it is interesting. State the hypotheses tested. Briefly describe the methods (design, participants, materials, procedure, what was manipulated [independent variables], what was measured [dependent variables], how data were analyzed. Describe the results.

How many sentences is a good summary? ›

How many sentences in a summary? The average number of sentences in an article or essay summary if between 5 and 8 sentences. Academic and science papers will have longer summaries with longer sentences, although the summary should still target under 8 sentences.

What is a 3 sentence summary? ›

WHAT IS A 3-SENTENCE SUMMARY? The MyHealth 3-Sentence Summary provides some tips on how to describe your health and current needs in about three sentences. This skill is really important when you meet your new adult health care providers or when you don't get to spend too much time with a health care provider.

How do you summarize? ›

To summarize, you must read a passage closely, finding the main ideas and supporting ideas. Then you must briefly write down those ideas in a few sentences or a paragraph. It is important to understand the difference between a summary and a paraphrase. A paraphrase is simply a rewriting of a passage in your own words.

What is a summary of an article? ›

An article summary is a short, focused paper about one scholarly article that is informed by a critical reading of that article.

Which two details are most important to include in a summary of the paragraph? ›

A good summary of an essay should probably include the main idea of each paragraph, and the main evidence supporting that idea, unless it is not relevant to the article or essay as a whole.

What should summaries always include? ›

A summary should contain all the major points of the original text, but should ignore most of the fine details, examples, illustrations or explanations. The backbone of any summary is formed by critical information (key names, dates, places, ideas, events, words and numbers).

Videos

1. How to Write an Essay: Formulas for 5-Paragraph Essay
(David Taylor)
2. How to Outline a Phd Entrance Exam Essay: A Sample Answer
(The Utter Lecture - TUL)
3. Tips To Write Best Literary Essay Type Answers In English Literature | Ipshita Biswas
(Artly Ipshita)
4. Degrees For Sale: Inside The Essay Writing Industry: Students On The Edge
(BBC Three)
5. PHD RESEARCH: How I Organize Papers and References for a Computer Science PhD (using files, no apps)
(It's Giulia)
6. I waited til the night before to write a 20 page research paper.
(Ur Daddison)

Top Articles

You might also like

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Kerri Lueilwitz

Last Updated: 08/11/2022

Views: 5946

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (47 voted)

Reviews: 94% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Kerri Lueilwitz

Birthday: 1992-10-31

Address: Suite 878 3699 Chantelle Roads, Colebury, NC 68599

Phone: +6111989609516

Job: Chief Farming Manager

Hobby: Mycology, Stone skipping, Dowsing, Whittling, Taxidermy, Sand art, Roller skating

Introduction: My name is Kerri Lueilwitz, I am a courageous, gentle, quaint, thankful, outstanding, brave, vast person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.